Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) 
 
BEVs are powered entirely by electricity and do not require any gasoline. Electricity is stored in large, on-board batteries, which are used to drive the electric motors that operate the vehicle. BEVs on the market today offer driving ranges of 60 to 200 miles on a single charge. After the electric driving range has been exhausted, the BEV must be recharged before it can be driven again.

Examples
  • Nissan LEAF
  • Mitsubishi i-MiEV
  • Tesla┬áModel S
  • Ford Focus EV

Advantages
  • Zero tailpipe emissions
  • Energy security because the vehicle does not use imported oil
  • No gasoline engine means lower fueling costs (see Fueling Cost Comparison Table)
  • Fewer moving parts and required fluids mean lower maintenance costs

Things To Consider Before Purchasing
  • A BEV's "full charge" mileage range compared to your daily commute
  • Long trips (100 miles or more) may be impossible without the installation of public charging stations
  • Over-acceleration and using the vehicle's heating and air conditioning reduces the "full charge" mileage range
  • Larger BEV batteries may require 240-volt charging to get a full charge overnight, requiring the installation of a charging station
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