Electric Vehicle (EV) Overview 
 
An electric vehicle is any vehicle that operates by using an electric motor. Generally, these fall into four main categories - battery electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, extended-range electric vehicles (a variation of the plug-in hybrid) and hybrid electric vehicles.

 
Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV)
  • Vehicle is propelled by an electric motor
  • Vehicle is fueled only with electricity
  • Electric motor is powered by a very large battery
  • Battery is charged with plug-in electric power and is aided by the vehicle's braking and coasting

Read more about BEVs and how they charge.
    

 
Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)
  • Vehicle is propelled by both an electric motor and a gasoline engine
  • Vehicle is fueled with both gasoline and electricity
  • Electric motor is powered by a large battery
  • Engine is powered by gasoline
  • Battery is charged with plug-in electric power and is aided by the vehicle's braking and coasting

Read more about PHEVs and how they charge.
 
 
Extended-Range Electric Vehicle (EREV)
  • Vehicle is propelled by an electric motor
  • Vehicle is fueled with both gasoline and electricity
  • Electric motor is powered by a large battery
  • Engine is powered by gasoline and runs the generator
  • Generator maintains the battery charge at a minimum level
  • Battery is charged with plug-in electric power and is aided by both the generator and the vehicle's braking and coasting

Read more about EREVs and how they charge.

 
 
Hybrid Electric Vehicle (HEV)
  • Vehicle is propelled by both an electric motor and a gasoline engine
  • Vehicle is fueled only with gasoline
  • Electric motor is powered by a small battery
  • Engine is powered by gasoline
  • Battery is charged by the vehicle's braking and coasting

Read more about HEVs.

 
 
 
 
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