Nuclear Energy and Clean Air
Nuclear power plants like Ameren's Callaway Energy Center generate about 20% of the electricity in the U.S. Because nuclear energy does not burn anything when producing electricity, there is no emission of greenhouse gases or combustion byproducts.
Nuclear energy is the only large-scale, clean-air electricity source that can be expanded widely to produce large amounts of energy.
Environmental Responsibility and Nuclear Power
Because environmental responsibility is an important part of nuclear power plant management, Ameren is proactive about working to protect nearby wildlife and habitats.
In 1977, Ameren created the Reform Conservation Area on more than 6,000 acres of land surrounding the Callaway Energy Center. Ameren supports a land and water conservation program for wildlife enhancement and species enrichment, an agricultural land-management program and a forest management plan.
In 1992, Ameren turned a 6.4-acre river silt pond at the Callaway Energy Center site into a "wetland" to process residues from the facility’s sanitary sewage treatment plant. In a wetland, plants like cattails, reeds and willows purify the wastewater and filter out pollutants, remove sediments, produce oxygen and absorb nutrients. The wetland project proved to be so successful that in 1997 Callaway retired its existing mechanical treatment plant - replacing it with an aerated lagoon and wetlands to provide a completely passive treatment system and beneficial wildlife habitat.