Callaway Energy Center Frequently Asked Questions 
 

    What you see coming out of the cooling tower is clean water vapor, not steam. The water vapor that is produced is not part of the radioactive process.
     
    Callaway became operational in December 1984. The NRC granted a 40-year operating license, which is the customary license for nuclear power plants. However, nearly 50 power plants have received a 20-year extension to operate. Callaway is in the process of filing for a 20-year extension. If approved, the facility could operate until 2044.
     
    Callaway produces enough electricity to power over 800,000 average households each year. Electricity from nuclear power accounts for 9.7% of all electricity sources in Missouri - compared to 73% in Vermont and about 50% in New Jersey, South Carolina, Illinois and Connecticut. Overall, nuclear energy provides about 20% of the electricity in the U.S.
     
    Every nuclear power plant in the U.S. currently stores its own used fuel. Callaway safely stores its used fuel on site in a spent fuel pool about the size of a tennis court. The U.S. Government is exploring a national repository for used fuel underneath Yucca Mountain in Nevada.
     
    Callaway Energy Center is the only nuclear energy center among the companies' 15 generating facilities. Callaway is the second largest power producer on the Ameren Missouri system producing 24% of the company's electricity.
     
    Callaway employs nearly 1,000 people, including contractors, with an annual payroll of approximately $100 million. When the energy center is refueling, hundreds of additional contractors are on site adding nearly $20 million to the payroll.<br><br> Most of Ameren Missouri's full-time employees working at the Callaway Energy Center live in Callaway, Cole and Boone counties. However, more than 100 employees reside in 24 other Missouri counties.
                 
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