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Charging Stations

Electric vehicles plugged in.

Types of EVs

“EV” refers to any vehicle with a plug, and can be either a battery electric or a plug-in hybrid vehicle.

  • Battery EVs are all-electric cars fueled only by electricity. They are emission free and have a driving range of between 80 and 250 miles, making them ideal for employee commutes.
  • Plug-in hybrid EVs have both an electric motor connected to a battery and an internal combustion engine. The car runs on the energy stored in the battery and can travel additional miles on gasoline with higher fuel efficiency than conventional cars.
Row of electric vehicles plugged in outside.

Where to Install Charging

When evaluating your parking lot for charging station installation, selecting a location near existing electrical infrastructure will reduce costs and installation complications. Also, remember to plan longer term for future employee EV adoption to save on design and construction costs. Other expenses we can help you consider are equipment, maintenance and energy needs. Learn more with our Charging Installation Guide.

What Chargers to Install

Level One

The least expensive and charge the slowest by providing 4 miles of range per hour, or 32 miles over 8 hours. This pace can serve employees who do not require faster refueling.

Level Two

Common among workplaces because they support charge rates of roughly 25 miles of range per hour. Faster chargers provide flexibility to develop parking policies allowing employees to rotate their cars during the day if needed to accommodate growing numbers of electric vehicles.

DC Fast Chargers

Most often located along well-traveled thruways and can provide up to 80% of a vehicle’s charging need in 30 minutes.

How Many to Install

To best understand how many EV chargers to install, you can survey your employees and ask:

  • Do you currently drive electric?
  • If not, do you plan to purchase an electric car in one to three years?

Create a Charging Policy

Organizations can benefit from setting clear guidelines around usage, sharing and pricing to help ensure a safe and successful charging experience for employees. For example, some companies prefer employees pay for electricity, while others consider it an employee benefit and do not require employees to pay for charging. To develop your charging policy, consider engaging your employees in the effort to fully understand their charging needs. Here is an example of a workplace charging policy (PDF) by the U.S. Department of Energy.

Once charging stations have been installed, continue to communicate with employees to educate them on how they can best take advantage of this new benefit.

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